Academic bibliography on attitudes to the European Union

Anderson, C. (1998), ‘When in doubt use proxies; attitudes towards domestic politics and support for European integration’, Comparative Political Studies, 31: 569-601.

Anderson, C., and Reichart, M. (1996), ‘Economic benefits and support for membership in the EU: a cross-national analysis’, Journal of Public Policy, 15: 231-49.

Ash, T. (2002), ‘Is Britain European?’, International Affairs, 77: 1-14.

Ashcroft, M. and Culwick, K. (3016), Well, You Did Ask….Why the UK Voted to Leave the EU, London: Biteback.

Baker, D., Gamble, A., Randall, N. and Seawright D. (2008), ‘Euroscepticism in the British Party System: ‘A Source of Fascination, Perplexity, and Sometimes Frustration, in Szczerbiak, A.and Taggart, P. (eds) Opposing Europe? The Comparative Party Politics of Euroscepticism, Volume 1, Case Studies and Country Surveys. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Blinder, S. (2011b), ‘UK public opinion toward immigration: Overall attitudes and level of concern’ Migration Observatory Briefing Paper, available at:

Binder, S. (2014), UK Public Opinion Towards Immigration: Overall Attitudes and Levels of Concern, Oxford: Migration Observatory (2nd revision). Available at

Blinder, S. (2015), ‘Imagined Immigration: The Impact of Different Meanings of Immigrants in Public Opinion and Policy Debates in Britain’, Political Studies, 63: 80-100.

Boomgaarden, H., Schuck, A., Elenbaas, M. and de Vreese, C. (2011), ‘Mapping EU attitudes: Conceptual and empirical dimensions of Euroscepticism and EU support’, European Union Politics, 12: 241–266.

Butler, D. and Ktzinger, U. (1976), The 1975 Referendum, Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Carey, S. (2002), ‘Undivided loyalties: is national identity an obstacle to European integration?’, European Union Politics, 3: 387-413.

Clements, B. (2009), ‘The sociological and psychological influences on public support for the European Union in Britain, 1983–2005’, British Politics, 4: 47–82.

Curtice, J. (2012), ‘In Europe but not of Europe’, Juncture, 19:199-204.

Curtice, J. (2016), ‘How deeply does Britain’s Euroscepticism run?’, in Curtice, J., Phillips, M. and Clery, E. (eds), British Social Attitudes; the 33rd report, London: NatCen Social Research. Available at

Curtice, J. and Evans, G. (2015), ‘Britain and Europe: Are we all Eurosceptics now?’, in Ormston, R. and Curtice, J. (eds), British Social Attitudes: the 32nd report, London: NatCen Social Research. Available at

Curtice, J. (2016), ‘Not the end my friend: Labour, the referendum result and the challenges that remain’, Juncture, 23: 18-21.

Deflem, M. and Pampel, F. (1996), ‘The myth of postnational identity: popular support for European integration’, Social Forces, 75: 119-43.

Eichenberg, R. and Dalton, R. (1993), ‘Europeans and the European Community; the dynamics of public support for European integration’, International Organization, 47: 507-34.

Evans, G. (1998), ‘How Britain views the EU’, in Jowell, R., Curtice, J., Park, A., Brook, L., Thomson, K. and Bryson, C. (eds), British – and European Social Attitudes: the 15th report: How Britain Differs, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Evans, G. (1999), ‘Europe: A New Electoral Cleavge?’, in Evans, G. and Norris, P. (eds), Critical Elections: British Parties and Voters in Long-Term Perspective, London: Sage.

Evans, G. and Butt, S. (2005), ‘Leaders or followers? Parties and public opinion on the European Union’, in Park, A., Curtice, J., Thomson, K., Bromley, C., Phillips, M. and Johnson, M. (eds), British Social Attitudes: the 22nd report, London: Sage.

Evans, G. and Butt, S. (2007), ‘Explaining change in British public opinion on the European Union; top down or bottom up?’, Acta Politica, 42: 173-90.

Flickinger, R. (1994), ‘British political parties and public attitudes towards the European Community; leading, following or getting out of the way?’, in Broughton, D., Farrell, D., Denver, D., and Rallings, C. (eds), British Elections and Parties Yearbook 1994, London: Frank Cass.

Ford, R. and Goodwin. M. (2014), Revolt in the Right: Explaining support for the radical right in Britain, London: Routledge.

Ford, R. and Heath, A. (2014), ‘Immigration: A Nation Divided?’, in Park, A., Curtice, J. and Bryson, C. (eds), British Social Attitudes 31, London: NatCen Social Research. Available at

Franklin, M., van ser Eijk, C., and Marsh, M. (1995), ‘Referendum outcomes and trust in government: Public support for Europe in the wake of Maastricht’, West European Politics, 18: 101-17.

Franklin, M., Marsh, M. and McLaren, L. (1994), ‘Uncorking the bottle: popular opposition to European unification in the wake of Maastricht’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 32: 455-72.

Gabel, M. (1998), Interests and Integration: Market Liberalization, Public Opinion and the European Union, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Gabel, M. (1998), ‘Public support for European integration: an empirical test of five theories’, Journal of Politics, 60: 333-54.

Gabel, M. and Palmer, H. (1995), ‘Understanding variation in public support for European integration’, European Journal of Political Research, 27: 3-19.

Garry, J., Marsh, M. and Sinnott, R. (2005), ‘”Second Order” versus “Issue Voting” effects in EU referendums: Evidence from the Irish Nice Traety referendums’, European Union Politics, 6: 201-21.

Garry, J. and Tilley, J. (2009), ‘The macroeconomic factors conditioning the impact of identity on attitudes towards the EU’, European Union Politics, 10: 361-79.

George, S. (2000), ‘Britain: Anatomy of a Eurosceptic state’, Journal of European Integration, 22: 15-33.

Gilland, K. (2002), ‘Ireland’s first referendum on the Treaty of Nice’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 40: 527-35.

Goodwin, M. and Milazzo, C. (2015), UKIP: Inside the Campaign to Redraw the Map of British Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hainsworth, P. (2006), ‘France says No: The 29 May 2005 referendum on the European Constitution’, Parliamentary Affairs, 58: 98-117.

Heath, A., Jowell, R., Taylor, B. and Thomson, K. (1998), ‘Euroscepticism and the Referendum Party, British Elections & Parties Review, 8: 95-110.

Hix, S. (2007), ‘Euroscepticism as anti-centralization: a rational choice institutionalist perspective’, European Union Politics, 8: 131-50.

Hobolt, S. (2006), ‘How parties affect vote choice in European integration referendums’, Party Politics, 12: 623-47.

Hobolt, S. (2009), Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hobolt, S. (2016), ‘The Brexit Vote: a divided nation, a divided continent’, Journal of European Public Policy, 23: 1259-77.

Hooghe, L. (2003), ‘Europe Divided? Elites vs. Public Opinion on European Integration, European Union Politics  4: 281-304.

Hooghe, L. and Marks, G. (2004), ‘Does identity or economic rationality drive public opinion on European integration?’, Ps: Political Science and Politics, 37: 415-20.

Hooghe, L. and Marks, G. (2005), ‘Calculation, Community and Cues: Public Opinion on European Integration’, European Union Politics, 6: 418-43.

Hug, S. (2002), Voices of Europe: Citizens, Referendums and European Integration, Boulder, Co.: Rowman and Littlefield.

Inglehart, R., Rabier, J. and Reif, K. (1991), ‘The evolution of public attitudes towards European integration, 1970-86’, in Reif, K. and Inglehart, R. (eds), Eurobarometer: The Dynamics of Public Opinion, London: Macmillan.

Ivaldi, G. (2006), ‘Beyond France’s 2005 referendum on the European Constitutional Treaty: Second-order model, anti-establishment attitudes and the end iof the alternative European utopia’, West European Politics, 29: 47-69.

Janssen, J. (1991), ‘Postmaterialism, cognitive mobilisation and public supportfor European integration’, British Journalof Political Science  21: 443-68.

Kriesi, H., Grande, E., Lachat, R., Dolezal, M., Borschnier, S. and Frey, T. (2006), ‘Globalization and the transformation of the national political space: Six European countries compared’, European Journal of Political Research, 45: 921–956.

Luedtke, A. (2005), ‘European Integration, Public Opinion and Immigration Policy’, European Union Politics, 6: 83-112.

McLaren, L. (2002), ‘Public support for the European Union: cost-benefit analysis or perceived cultural threat?’,  Journal of Politics, 64: 551-566

McLaren, L. (2004), ‘Opposition to integration and fear of loss of national identity: debunking a basic assumption regarding hostility to the integration project’, European Journal of Political Research, 43: 895-912.

McLaren, L. (2006), Identity, Interests and Attitudes to European Integration, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Medrano, J. (2003), Framing Europe: Attitudes to European Integration ion Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom, Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Migration Observatory (2011), Thinking behind the numbers: Understanding public opinion on immigration in Britain, Oxford: Migration Observatory, available at:

Political Quarterly, Vol, 87, Issue 3, July-Sept. 2016. Special Post-Referendum Issue.

Political Quarterly, Vol. 87, Issue 2, April-June 2016. Special Pre-Referendum Issue.

Saglie, J. (200), ‘Values, perceptions and European integration’, European Union Politics, 1: 227-49.

Sides, J. and Citrin, J. (2007), ‘European opinion about immigration: the role of identities, interests and information’, British Journal of Political Science, 37: 477-504.

Siune, K. and Svensson, P. (1993), ‘The Danes and the Maastricht Treaty: The Danish EC referendum of June 1992’, Electoral Studies, 12: 99-111.

Siune, K., Svensson, P.  and Tonsgaard, O. (1994), ‘The Danes said “No” in 1992 but “Yes” in 1993: How and Why?’ Electoral Studies, 13: 107-16.

Spiering, M. (2004), /British Euroscepticism’, in Harmsen, R. & Spiering, M. (eds) Euroscepticism: Party politics, national identity and European integration, Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Steenbergen, M.R., Edwards, E.E. and de Vries, C.E. (2007), ‘Who’s cueing whom? Mass-elite linkages and the future of European integration’, European Union Politics, 8: 13–35.

Svensson, P. (2002), ‘Five Danish referendums on the Euroean Community and the European Union: A critical assessment of the Franklin thesis’, European Journal of Political Research, 41: 733-50.

Vasilopoulou, S. (2015), Mixed Feelings: Britain’s conflicted attitudes to the EU before the referendum, London: Policy Network, 2015.

Worre, T. (1995), ‘First No, then Yes: the Danish referendums on the Maastricht Treaty 1992 and 1993’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 33: 235-58.