Whether or not people want to be part of the EU could well turn on how European they feel themselves to be. They would seem more likely to want to be part of the EU if they feel a strong sense of European identity, and perhaps especially so if they also do not identify strongly with their own nationality. Meanwhile, we might wonder whether the existence of the EU, and its attempts to foster a common European citizenship, has served to make more people feel European. Or perhaps voters feel that the work and policies of the EU is serving to undermine a distinctive culture that they feel is consequently under threat.
This section includes questions on whether people identify themselves as ‘European’ or whether they prefer to identify with a particular nationality. It also includes perceptions of what impact the EU is having on their local and/or national culture and values.